antianxiety drugs   Drugs that can reduce a person’s level of anxiety, essentially by reducing excitability and increasing feelings of well-being
antidepressant drugs   Medication that improves a depressed patient’s mood and feeling of well-being
antipsychotic drugs   Drugs that temporarily reduce psychotic symptoms such as agitation, overactivity, hallucinations, and delusions
behavioral treatment approaches   Treatment approaches that build upon the basic processes of learning, such as reinforcement and extinction
biomedical therapy   Therapy that relies on drugs and other medical procedures to improve psychological functioningbiomedical_therapy (155.0K)
client-centered therapy   Therapy in which the goal is to reach one’s potential for self-actualization
cognitive-behavioral approach   An approach used by cognitive therapists that attempts to change the way people think through the use of basic principles of learning
cognitive treatment approaches   Approaches to treatment that teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions about the world and themselves
community psychology   A branch of psychology that focuses on the prevention and minimization of psychological disorders in the community
deinstitutionalization   The transfer of former mental patients from institutions into the communitydeinstitutionalization (135.0K)
drug therapy   Control of psychological problems through drugs

eclectic approach to therapy   An approach to therapy that uses techniques taken from a variety of treatment methods, rather than just one methodeclectic_approach (171.0K)

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)   A procedure in which an electric current of 70 to 150 volts is briefly administered to a patient’s head, causing a loss of consciousness and often seizureselectroconvulsive_therapy (278.0K)
family therapy   An approach that focuses on the family and its dynamics
gestalt therapy   An approach to therapy that attempts to integrate a client’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior into a unified whole
group therapy   Therapy in which people discuss problems in a group
humanistic therapy   Therapy in which the underlying assumption is that people have control of their behavior, can make choices about their lives, and are essentially responsible for solving their own problems
lithium   A mineral salt used to treat bipolar disorderschap07mcw.htm
psychoanalysis   Psychodynamic therapy that involves frequent sessions and can last for many yearspsychoanalysis (144.0K)
psychodynamic therapy   First suggested by Freud, therapy based on the premise that the primary sources of abnormal behavior are unresolved past conflicts and the possibility that unacceptable unconscious impulses will enter consciousness

psychosurgery   Brain surgery once used to reduce symptoms of mental disorder but rarely used todaypsychosurgery (139.0K)
psychotherapy   Treatment in which a trained professional-a therapist-uses psychological techniques to help someone overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bring about personal growth
rational-emotive behavior therapy   A form of therapy that attempts to restructure a person’s belief system into a more realistic, rational, and logical set of views
spontaneous remission   Recovery without treatment
systematic desensitization   A behavioral technique in which gradual exposure to anxiety-producing stimuli is paired with relaxation in order to extinguish the response of anxiety